Va’etchanan | ואתחנן | “I Pleaded”

Deu 6:4  שׁמע  ישׂראל  יהוה  אלהינו  יהוה  אחד׃  

Deu 6:4  “Hear, O Yisra’ĕl: יהוה our Elohim, יהוה is one!

Va’etchanan (וָאֶתְחַנַּן — Hebrew for “and I pleaded,” the first word in the parashah) is the 45th weekly Torah portion (פָּרָשָׁה, parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the second in the Book of Deuteronomy. It constitutes Deuteronomy 3:23–7:11. The parashah is made up of 7,343 Hebrew letters, 1,878 Hebrew words, 122 verses, and can occupy about 249 lines in a Torah Scroll (סֵפֶר תּוֹרָה, Sefer Torah).

Torah: Deuteronomy 3:23 – 7:11

1st reading (עליה, aliyah)  Devarim 3:23-4:4

Deu 3:23  “And I pleaded with יהוה at that time, saying,

Deu 3:24  ‘O Master יהוה, You have begun to show Your servant Your greatness and Your strong hand, for who is a mighty one in the heavens or on earth who does according to Your works and according to Your might?

Deu 3:25  ‘I pray, let me pass over and see the good land beyond the Yardĕn, this good hill country, and Leḇanon.’

Deu 3:26  “But יהוה was enraged with me, for your sake, and would not listen to me, and יהוה said to me, ‘Enough of that! Speak no more to Me about this matter.

Deu 3:27  ‘Go up to the top of Pisgah, and lift up your eyes westward, and northward, and southward, and eastward, and look with your eyes, for you do not pass over this Yardĕn.

Deu 3:28  ‘But charge Yehoshua, and strengthen him and make him brave, for he shall pass over before this people and causes them to inherit the land which you see.’

Deu 3:29  “And we dwelt in the valley opposite Bĕyth Peʽor.

Deu 4:1  “And now, O Yisra’ĕl, listen to the laws and the right-rulings which I am teaching you to do, so that you live, and shall go in and possess the land which יהוה Elohim of your fathers is giving you.

Deu 4:2  “Do not add to the Word which I command you, and do not take away from it1, so as to guard the commands of יהוה your Elohim which I am commanding you. Footnote: 1See also 12:32, Prov. 30:6, Rev. 22:18-19.

Deu 4:3  “Your eyes have seen what יהוה did at Baʽal Peʽor, for יהוה your Elohim has destroyed from your midst all the men who followed Baʽal Peʽor.

Deu 4:4  “But you who are clinging to יהוה your Elohim are alive today, every one of you.

2nd reading (עליה, aliyah) Devarim 4:5-4:40

Deu 4:5  “See, I have taught you laws and right-rulings, as יהוה my Elohim commanded me, to do thus in the land which you go to possess.

Deu 4:6  “And you shall guard and do them, for this is your wisdom and your understanding before the eyes of the peoples who hear all these laws, and they shall say, ‘Only a wise and understanding people is this great nation!’

Deu 4:7  “For what great nation is there which has Elohim so near to it, as יהוה our Elohim is to us, whenever we call on Him?

Deu 4:8  “And what great nation is there that has such laws and righteous right-rulings like all this Torah which I set before you this day?

Deu 4:9  “Only, guard yourself, and guard your life diligently, lest you forget the Words your eyes have seen, and lest they turn aside from your heart all the days of your life. And you shall make them known to your children and your grandchildren.

Deu 4:10  “The day when you stood before יהוה your Elohim in Ḥorĕḇ, יהוה said to me, ‘Assemble the people to Me and I make them hear My Words, so that they learn to fear Me all the days they live on the earth and teach them to their children.’

Deu 4:11  “And you came near and stood at the foot of the mountain, and the mountain burned with fire to the heart of the heavens – darkness, cloud, and thick darkness.

Deu 4:12  “And יהוה spoke to you out of the midst of the fire. You heard a voice of words, but saw no form, you only heard a voice.

Deu 4:13  “And He made known to you His covenant which He commanded you to do, the Ten Words, and He wrote them on two tablets of stone.

Deu 4:14  “And יהוה commanded me at that time to teach you laws and right-rulings, for you to do them in the land which you pass over to possess.

Deu 4:15  “Therefore, diligently guard yourselves, for you saw no form when יהוה spoke to you at Ḥorĕḇ out of the midst of the fire,

Deu 4:16  lest you should do corruptly and shall make for yourselves a carved image in the form of any figure – the likeness of male or female,

Deu 4:17  the likeness of any beast that is on the earth or the likeness of any winged bird that flies in the heavens,

Deu 4:18  the likeness of any creature that creeps on the ground or the likeness of any fish that is in the water under the earth;

Deu 4:19  and lest you lift up your eyes to the heavens, and shall see the sun, and the moon, and the stars – all the host of the heavens – and you be drawn away into bowing down to them and serving them, which יהוה your Elohim has allotted to all the peoples under all the heavens.

Deu 4:20  “But יהוה has taken you and brought you out of the iron furnace, out of Mitsrayim, to be His people, an inheritance, as it is today.

Deu 4:21  “And יהוה was enraged with me because of your words, and swore that I would not pass over the Yardĕn, and that I would not enter the good land which יהוה your Elohim is giving you as an inheritance.

Deu 4:22  “For I am to die in this land, I am not passing over the Yardĕn, but you are passing over, and shall possess that good land.

Deu 4:23  “Guard yourselves, lest you forget the covenant of יהוה your Elohim which He made with you, and shall make for yourselves a carved image in the form of whatever יהוה your Elohim has forbidden you.

Deu 4:24  “For יהוה your Elohim is a consuming fire, a jealous Ěl.

Deu 4:25  “When you bring forth children and grandchildren, and shall grow old in the land, and shall do corruptly and make a carved image in the form of whatever, and shall do what is evil in the eyes of יהוה your Elohim to provoke Him,

Deu 4:26  “I shall call the heavens and earth to witness against you on that day, that you soon completely perish from the land which you pass over the Yardĕn to possess – you do not prolong your days in it but are completely destroyed.

Deu 4:27  “And יהוה shall scatter you among the peoples, and you shall be left few in number among the gentiles where יהוה drives you.

Deu 4:28  “And there you shall serve mighty ones, the work of men’s hands, wood and stone, which neither see nor hear nor eat nor smell.

Deu 4:29  “But from there you shall seek יהוה your Elohim, and shall find, when you search for Him with all your heart1 and with all your being. Footnote: 1Jer. 29:13.

Deu 4:30  “In your distress, when all these words shall come upon you in the latter days, then you shall return to יהוה your Elohim and shall obey His voice.

Deu 4:31  “For יהוה your Elohim is a compassionate Ěl, He does not forsake you, nor destroy you, nor forget the covenant of your fathers which He swore to them.

Deu 4:32  “For ask now of the days that are past, which were before you, since the day that Elohim created man on the earth, and ask from one end of the heavens to the other end of the heavens, whether there has been a Word as great as this, or has been heard like it.

Deu 4:33  “Has a people heard the voice of Elohim speaking out of the midst of the fire, as you have heard, and live?

Deu 4:34  “Or has Elohim tried to go and take for Himself a nation from the midst of a nation by trials, and by signs, and by wonders, and by battle, and by a strong hand and an outstretched arm, and by great fearsome deeds, according to all that יהוה your Elohim did for you in Mitsrayim before your eyes?

Deu 4:35  “You have been shown it, to know that יהוה Himself is Elohim; there is no one beside Him.

Deu 4:36  “From the heavens He let you hear His voice, to instruct you, and on earth He showed you His great fire, and you heard His words out of the midst of the fire.

Deu 4:37  “And because He loved your fathers, therefore He chose their seed after them, and brought you out of Mitsrayim with His Presence, with His great power,

Deu 4:38  to drive out from before you nations greater and stronger than you, to bring you in, to give you their land as an inheritance, as it is today.

Deu 4:39  “And you shall know today, and shall recall to your heart that יהוה Himself is Elohim in the heavens above and on the earth beneath; there is none else.

Deu 4:40  “And you shall guard His laws and His commands which I command you today, so that it is well with you and with your children after you, and so that you prolong your days on the soil which יהוה your Elohim is giving you for all time.”

3rd reading (עליה, aliyah)  Devarim 4:41-4:49

Deu 4:41  Then Mosheh separated three cities beyond the Yardĕn, toward the rising of the sun,

Deu 4:42  for him who killed someone to flee there, he who kills his neighbour unintentionally, without having hated him in time past, and might flee to one of these cities and live:

Deu 4:43  Betser in the wilderness in the level land for the Re’uḇĕnites, and Ramoth in Gilʽaḏ for the Gaḏites, and Golan in Bashan for the Menashshites.

Deu 4:44  And this is the Torah which Mosheh set before the children of Yisra’ĕl.

Deu 4:45  These are the witnesses, and the laws, and the right-rulings which Mosheh spoke to the children of Yisra’ĕl after they came out of Mitsrayim,

Deu 4:46  beyond the Yardĕn, in the valley opposite Bĕyth Peʽor, in the land of Siḥon sovereign of the Amorites, who dwelt at Ḥeshbon, whom Mosheh and the children of Yisra’ĕl had smitten after they came out of Mitsrayim.

Deu 4:47  And they took possession of his land and the land of Oḡ sovereign of Bashan, two sovereigns of the Amorites, who were beyond the Yardĕn, toward the rising of the sun,

Deu 4:48  from Aroʽĕr, which is on the bank of the wadi Arnon, even to Mount Siyon, which is Ḥermon,

Deu 4:49  and all the desert plain beyond the Yardĕn as far as the Sea of the Araḇah, below the slopes of Pisgah.

4th reading (עליה, aliyah)  Devarim 5:1-5:22

Deu 5:1  And Mosheh called all Yisra’ĕl, and said to them, “Hear, O Yisra’ĕl, the laws and right-rulings which I speak in your hearing today. And you shall learn them, and guard to do them.

Deu 5:2  “יהוה our Elohim made a covenant with us in Ḥorĕḇ.

Deu 5:3  “יהוה did not make this covenant with our fathers, but with us, those who are here today, all of us who are alive.

Deu 5:4  “יהוה spoke with you face to face on the mountain from the midst of the fire.

Deu 5:5  “I stood between יהוה and you at that time, to declare to you the Word of יהוה – for you were afraid because of the fire, and you did not go up the mountain – saying:

Deu 5:6  ‘I am יהוה your Elohim who brought you out of the land of Mitsrayim, out of the house of bondage.

Deu 5:7  ‘You have no other mighty ones against My face.

Deu 5:8  ‘You do not make for yourself a carved image, any likeness of which is in the heavens above, or which is in the earth beneath, or which is in the waters under the earth,

Deu 5:9  you do not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, יהוה your Elohim, am a jealous Ěl, visiting the crookedness of the fathers upon the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me,

Deu 5:10  but showing kindness to thousands, to those who love Me and guard My commands.

Deu 5:11  ‘You do not bring1 the Name of יהוה your Elohim to naught, for יהוה does not leave him unpunished who brings His Name to naught. Footnote: 1Or lift up, or take.

Deu 5:12  ‘Guard the Sabbath day, to set it apart, as יהוה your Elohim commanded you.

Deu 5:13  ‘Six days you labour, and shall do all your work,

Deu 5:14  but the seventh day is a Sabbath1 of יהוה your Elohim. You do not do any work – you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your ox, nor your donkey, nor any of your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates, so that your male servant and your female servant rest as you do. Footnote: 1See footnote at Ex. 20:10.

Deu 5:15  ‘And you shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Mitsrayim, and that יהוה your Elohim brought you out from there by a strong hand and by an outstretched arm. Therefore יהוה your Elohim commanded you to observe the Sabbath day.

Deu 5:16  ‘Respect your father and your mother, as יהוה your Elohim has commanded you, so that your days are prolonged, and so that it is well with you on the soil which יהוה your Elohim is giving you.

Deu 5:17  ‘You do not murder.

Deu 5:18  ‘You do not commit adultery.

Deu 5:19  ‘You do not steal.

Deu 5:20  ‘You do not bear false witness against your neighbour.

Deu 5:21  ‘You do not covet your neighbour’s wife, nor do you desire your neighbour’s house, his field, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, his ox, nor his donkey, or whatever belongs to your neighbour.’

Deu 5:22  “These Words יהוה spoke to all your assembly, in the mountain from the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness, with a loud voice, and He added no more. And He wrote them on two tablets of stone and gave them to me.

5th reading (עליה, aliyah)  Devarim 5:23-6:3

Deu 5:23  “And it came to be, when you heard the voice from the midst of the darkness, while the mountain was burning with fire, that you came near to me, all the heads of your tribes and your elders,

Deu 5:24  and said, ‘See, יהוה our Elohim has shown us His esteem and His greatness, and we have heard His voice from the midst of the fire. Today we have seen that Elohim speaks with man – and he lives!

Deu 5:25  ‘And now why should we die? For this great fire is consuming us. If we hear the voice of יהוה our Elohim any more, then we shall die.

Deu 5:26  ‘For who is there of all flesh who has heard the voice of the living Elohim speaking from the midst of the fire, as we have, and does live?

Deu 5:27  ‘You go near and hear all that יהוה our Elohim says, and speak to us all that יהוה our Elohim says to you, and we shall hear and do it.’

Deu 5:28  “And יהוה heard the voice of your words when you spoke to me, and יהוה said to me, ‘I have heard the voice of the words of this people which they have spoken to you. They have done well in all that they have spoken.

Deu 5:29  ‘Oh, that they had such a heart in them, to fear Me and to guard all My commands always, so that it might be well with them and with their children forever!

Deu 5:30  ‘Go, say to them, “Return to your tents.”

Deu 5:31  ‘But you, stand here by Me, and let Me speak to you all the commands, and the laws, and the right-rulings which you are to teach them. And they shall do them in the land which I am giving them to possess.’

Deu 5:32  “And you shall guard to do as יהוה your Elohim has commanded you – do not turn aside, to the right or to the left.

Deu 5:33  “Walk in all the way which יהוה your Elohim has commanded you, so that you live and it be well with you. And you shall prolong your days in the land which you possess.

Deu 6:1  “And this is the command, the laws and right-rulings which יהוה your Elohim has commanded, to teach you to do in the land which you are passing over to possess,

Deu 6:2  so that you fear יהוה your Elohim, to guard all His laws and His commands which I command you, you and your son and your grandson, all the days of your life, and that your days be prolonged.

Deu 6:3  “And you shall hear, O Yisra’ĕl, and shall guard to do, that it might be well with you, and that you increase greatly as יהוה Elohim of your fathers has spoken to you, in a land flowing with milk and honey.

6th reading (עליה, aliyah)  Devarim 6:4-6:25

Deu 6:4  “Hear, O Yisra’ĕl: יהוה our Elohim, יהוה is one!

Deu 6:5  “And you shall love יהוה your Elohim with all your heart, and with all your being, and with all your might.

Deu 6:6  “And these Words which I am commanding you today shall be in your heart,

Deu 6:7  and you shall impress them upon your children, and shall speak of them when you sit in your house, and when you walk by the way, and when you lie down, and when you rise up,

Deu 6:8  and shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes.

Deu 6:9  “And you shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates.

Deu 6:10  “And it shall be, when יהוה your Elohim brings you into the land of which He swore to your fathers, to Aḇraham, to Yitsḥaq, and to Yaʽaqoḇ, to give you great and good cities which you did not build,

Deu 6:11  and houses filled with all kinds of goods, which you did not fill, and wells dug which you did not dig, vineyards and olive trees which you did not plant, and you shall eat and be satisfied –

Deu 6:12  be on guard, lest you forget יהוה who brought you out of the land of Mitsrayim, from the house of bondage.

Deu 6:13  “Fear יהוה your Elohim and serve Him, and swear by His Name.

Deu 6:14  “Do not go after other mighty ones, the mighty ones of the peoples who are all around you,

Deu 6:15  for יהוה your Elohim is a jealous Ěl in your midst, lest the displeasure of יהוה your Elohim burn against you, then He shall destroy you from the face of the earth.

Deu 6:16  “Do not try יהוה your Elohim as you tried Him in Massah.

Deu 6:17  “Diligently guard the commands of יהוה your Elohim, and His witnesses, and His laws which He has commanded you.

Deu 6:18  “And you shall do what is right and good in the eyes of יהוה, that it might be well with you, and you shall go in and possess the good land of which יהוה swore to your fathers,

Deu 6:19  to drive out all your enemies from before you, as יהוה has spoken.

Deu 6:20  “When your son asks you in time to come, saying, ‘What is the meaning of the witnesses, and the laws, and the right-rulings which יהוה our Elohim has commanded you?’

Deu 6:21  then you shall say to your son, ‘We were slaves of Pharaoh in Mitsrayim, and יהוה brought us out of Mitsrayim with a strong hand,

Deu 6:22  and יהוה sent signs and wonders, great and grievous, upon Mitsrayim, upon Pharaoh, and upon all his household, before our eyes.

Deu 6:23  ‘And He brought us out from there, to bring us in, to give us the land of which He swore to our fathers.

Deu 6:24  ‘And יהוה commanded us to do all these laws, to fear יהוה our Elohim, for our good always, to keep us alive, as it is today.

Deu 6:25  ‘And it is righteousness for us when we guard to do all this command before יהוה our Elohim, as He has commanded us.’

7th reading (עליה, aliyah)  Devarim 7:1-7:11

Deu 7:1  “When יהוה your Elohim brings you into the land which you go to possess, He shall also clear away many nations before you: the Ḥittites and the Girgashites and the Amorites and the Kenaʽanites and the Perizzites and the Ḥiwwites and the Yeḇusites, seven nations greater and mightier than you.

Deu 7:2  “And when יהוה your Elohim gives them over to you, you shall smite them and put them under the ban, completely. Make no covenant with them, and show them no favour.

Deu 7:3  “And do not intermarry with them – you do not give your daughter to his son, and you do not take his daughter for your son,

Deu 7:4  for he turns your sons away from following Me, to serve other mighty ones. Then the displeasure of יהוה shall burn against you and promptly destroy you.

Deu 7:5  “But this is what you do to them: Break down their altars, and smash their pillars, and cut down their Ashĕrim, and burn their carved images with fire.

Deu 7:6  “For you are a set-apart people to יהוה your Elohim. יהוה your Elohim has chosen you to be a people for Himself, a treasured possession above all the peoples on the face of the earth.

Deu 7:7  “יהוה did not set His love on you nor choose you because you were more numerous than any other people, for you were the least of all peoples,

Deu 7:8  but because of יהוה loving you, and because of Him guarding the oath which He swore to your fathers, יהוה has brought you out with a strong hand, and redeemed you from the house of bondage, from the hand of Pharaoh sovereign of Mitsrayim.

Deu 7:9  “And you shall know that יהוה your Elohim, He is Elohim, the trustworthy Ěl guarding covenant and kindness for a thousand generations with those who love Him, and those who guard His commands,

Deu 7:10  but repaying those who hate Him to their face, to destroy them. He does not delay to do so with him who hates Him, He repays him to his face.

Deu 7:11  “And you shall guard the command, and the laws, and the right-rulings which I command you today, to do them.

Prophets: Isaiah 40:1-31

Isa 40:1  “Comfort, comfort My people!” says your Elohim.

Isa 40:2  “Speak to the heart of Yerushalayim, and cry out to her, that her hard service is completed, that her crookedness is pardoned, that she has received from the hand of יהוה double for all her sins.”

Isa 40:3  The voice of one crying in the wilderness, “Prepare the way of יהוה; make straight in the desert a highway for our Elohim.

Isa 40:4  “Let every valley be raised, and every mountain and hill made low. And the steep ground shall become level, and the rough places smooth.

Isa 40:5  “And the esteem of יהוה shall be revealed, and all flesh together shall see it. For the mouth of יהוה has spoken.”

Isa 40:6  The voice said, “Cry out!” and he said, “What do I cry?” “All flesh is grass, and all its loveliness is like the flower of the field.

Isa 40:7  “Grass shall wither, the flower shall fade, when the Spirit of יהוה has blown on it! Truly the people is grass!

Isa 40:8  “Grass shall wither, the flower shall fade, but the Word of our Elohim stands forever1.” Footnote: 11 Peter 1:24-25.

Isa 40:9  You who bring good news to Tsiyon, get up into the high mountain. You who bring good news to Yerushalayim, lift up your voice with strength, lift it up, be not afraid. Say to the cities of Yehuḏah, “See your Elohim!”

Isa 40:10  See, the Master יהוה comes with a strong hand, and His arm rules for Him. See, His reward is with Him, and His recompense before Him.

Isa 40:11  He feeds His flock like a shepherd, He gathers the lambs with His arm, and carries them in His bosom, gently leading those who are with young.

Isa 40:12  Who has measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and measured the heavens with a span, and contained the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the mountains in scales and the hills in a balance?

Isa 40:13  Who has meted out the Spirit of יהוה, or as His counsellor taught Him?

Isa 40:14  With whom did He take counsel, and who instructed Him, and taught Him in the path of right-ruling? Who taught Him knowledge, and showed Him the way of understanding?

Isa 40:15  See, nations are as a drop in a bucket, and are reckoned as dust on the balance. See, He lifts up isles as fine dust.

Isa 40:16  And Leḇanon is not enough to burn, nor its beasts enough for a burnt offering.

Isa 40:17  All nations before Him are as a non-entity, and they are reckoned by Him as less than a speck, and emptiness.

Isa 40:18  And to whom would you liken Ěl? And what likeness would you compare to Him?

Isa 40:19  The workman moulds a graven image, and the goldsmith overspreads it with gold, and the silversmith casts silver chains.

Isa 40:20  He who is too poor for such an offering chooses a tree that does not rot. He seeks for himself a skilled craftsman to prepare a carved image that does not totter.

Isa 40:21  Did you not know? Have you not heard? Has it not been declared to you from the beginning? Have you not understood from the foundations of the earth?

Isa 40:22  It is He who sits above the circle of the earth, and its inhabitants are like grasshoppers, who stretches out the heavens like a curtain, and spreads them out like a tent to dwell in,

Isa 40:23  who brings princes to naught, shall make the rulers of the earth as emptiness.

Isa 40:24  Hardly have they been planted, hardly have they been sown, hardly has their stock taken root in the earth, when He shall blow on them and they wither, and a whirlwind take them away like stubble.

Isa 40:25  “And to whom then do you liken Me, or to whom am I compared?” says the Set-apart One.

Isa 40:26  Lift up your eyes on high and see. Who has created these? He who is bringing out their host by number, He calls them all by name, by the greatness of His might and the strength of His power – not one is missing.

Isa 40:27  Why do you say, O Yaʽaqoḇ, and speak, O Yisra’ĕl, “My way is hidden from יהוה, and my rights are overlooked by my Elohim”?

Isa 40:28  Did you not know? Have you not heard? The everlasting Elohim, יהוה, the Creator of the ends of the earth, neither faints nor is weary. His understanding is unsearchable.

Isa 40:29  He gives power to the faint, and to those who have no might He increases strength.

Isa 40:30  Even youths shall faint and be weary, and young men stumble and fall,

Isa 40:31  but those who wait on יהוה renew their strength, they raise up the wing like eagles, they run and are not weary, they walk and do not faint.

Brit Hadasha: Mark 12:28-34

Mar 12:28  And one of the scribes coming near, hearing them reasoning together, knowing that He had answered them well, asked Him, “Which is the first command of all?”

Mar 12:29  And יהושע answered him, “The first of all the commands is, ‘Hear, O Yisra’ĕl, יהוה our Elohim, יהוה is one. Deu. 6:4

Mar 12:30  ‘And you shall love יהוה your Elohim with all your heart, and with all your being, and with all your mind, and with all your strength.’ This is the first command. Deu. 6:5

Mar 12:31  “And the second, like it, is this, ‘You shall love your neighbour as yourself.’ There is no other command greater than these.” Lev. 19:18

Mar 12:32  And the scribe said to Him, “Well said, Teacher. You have spoken the truth, for there is one Elohim, and there is no other besides Him. Deu. 4:35

Mar 12:33  “And to love Him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the being, and with all the strength, and to love one’s neighbour as oneself, is more than all the burnt offerings and offerings.”

Deu. 6:5

Mar 12:34  And when יהושע saw that he answered wisely, He said to him, “You are not far from the reign of Elohim.” And after that no one was bold enough to question Him.

Luke 4:1-13

Luk 4:1  And יהושע, being filled with the Set-apart Spirit, returned from the Yardĕn and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness,

Luk 4:2  being tried for forty days by the devil. And in those days He did not eat at all, and afterward, when they had ended, He was hungry.

Luk 4:3  And the devil said to Him, “If You are the Son of Elohim, command this stone to become bread.”

Luk 4:4  But יהושע answered him, saying, “It has been written, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of Elohim.’ ”1 Footnote: 1Mt. 4:4, Dt. 8:3.

Luk 4:5  And the devil, taking Him up on a high mountain, showed Him all the reigns of the world in a moment of time.

Luk 4:6  And the devil said to Him, “All this authority I shall give You, and their esteem, for it has been delivered to me, and I give it to whomever I wish.1 Footnote: 1See 2 Cor. 4:4, also: John. 12:31, John. 14:30, John. 16:11, 1 John 5:19.

Luk 4:7  “If, then, You worship before me, all shall be Yours.”

Luk 4:8  And יהושע answering him, said, “Get behind Me, Satan! For it has been written, ‘You shall worship יהוה your Elohim, and Him only you shall serve.’

Deu. 6:13

Luk 4:9  And he brought Him to Yerushalayim, set Him on the edge of the Set-apart Place, and said to Him, “If You are the Son of Elohim, throw Yourself down from here,

Luk 4:10  for it has been written, ‘He shall command His messengers concerning You, to guard over You,’ Psa. 91:11

Luk 4:11  and, ‘In their hands they shall bear You up, lest You dash Your foot against a stone.’ ” Psa. 91:12

Luk 4:12  And יהושע answering, said to him, “It has been said, ‘You shall not try יהוה your Elohim.’ ” Deu. 6:16

Luk 4:13  And when the devil had ended every trial, he went away from Him until a convenient time.

Luke 10:25-37

Luk 10:25  And see, a certain one learned in the Torah stood up, trying Him, and saying, “Teacher, what shall I do to inherit everlasting life?”

Luk 10:26  And He said to him, “What has been written in the Torah? How do you read it?”

Luk 10:27  And he answering, said, “ ‘You shall love יהוה your Elohim with all your heart, and with all your being, and with all your strength, and with all your mind,’ and ‘your neighbour as yourself.’ ” Deu. 6:5, Lev. 19:18

Luk 10:28  And He said to him, “You have answered rightly. Do this and you shall live.1 Footnote: 1Mt. 19:17, Lev. 18:5

Luk 10:29  But he, wishing to declare himself righteous, said to יהושע, “And who is my neighbour?”

Luk 10:30  And replying, יהושע said, “A certain man was going down from Yerushalayim to Yeriḥo, and fell among robbers, who, both stripping and beating him, went away, leaving him half dead.

Luk 10:31  “And by a coincidence a certain priest was going down that way. And when he saw him, he passed by on the other side.

Luk 10:32  “And likewise a Lĕwite also, when he came to the place, and seeing, passed by on the other side.

Luk 10:33  “But a certain Shomeronite, journeying, came upon him. And when he saw him, he had compassion on him,

Luk 10:34  and he went to him and bandaged his wounds, pouring on oil and wine. And having placed him on his own beast, he brought him to an inn, and looked after him.

Luk 10:35  “And going out on the next day, he took out two pieces of silver, gave them to the innkeeper, and said to him, ‘Look after him, and whatever more you spend I shall repay you when I return.’

Luk 10:36  “Who, then, of these three, do you think, was neighbour1 to him who fell among the robbers?” Footnote: 1Mt. 17:18.

Luk 10:37  And he said, “He who showed compassion on him.” Then יהושע said to him, “Go and do likewise.”

Luke 22:13-38

Luk 22:13  And going they found it as He had said to them, and they prepared the Passover.

Luk 22:14  And when the hour had come, He sat down, and the twelve emissaries with Him.

Luk 22:15  And He said to them, “With desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you before My suffering,

Luk 22:16  for I say to you, I shall certainly not eat of it again until it is filled in the reign of Elohim.”

Luk 22:17  And taking the cup, giving thanks, He said, “Take this and divide it among yourselves,

Luk 22:18  for I say to you, I shall certainly not drink of the fruit of the vine until the reign of Elohim comes.”

Luk 22:19  And taking bread, giving thanks, He broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is My body which is given for you, do this in remembrance of Me.”

Luk 22:20  Likewise the cup also, after supper, saying, “This cup is the renewed covenant in My blood which is shed for you.

Luk 22:21  “But see, the hand of him delivering Me up is with Me on the table.

Luk 22:22  “For indeed the Son of Aḏam goes as it has been decreed, but woe to that man by whom He is delivered up!”

Luk 22:23  And they began to ask among themselves, which of them it could be who was about to do this.

Luk 22:24  And there also took place a dispute among them, as to which of them seemed to be greater.

Luk 22:25  And He said to them, “The sovereigns of the gentiles rule over them, and those who control them are called ‘workers of good.’

Luk 22:26  “But not so with you, but let him who is greatest among you be as the youngest, and the leader as one who serves.

Luk 22:27  “For who is greater, the one who sits at the table, or the one who serves? Is it not the one who sits at the table? But I am in your midst as the One who serves.

Luk 22:28  “But you are those who have remained with Me in My trials.

Luk 22:29  “And I covenant for you, as My Father covenanted for Me, a reign,

Luk 22:30  to eat and drink at My table, in My reign, and to sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Yisra’ĕl.”

Luk 22:31  And the Master said, “Shimʽon, Shimʽon! See, Satan has asked for you to sift you as wheat.

Luk 22:32  “But I have prayed for you, that your belief should not fail. And when you have turned, strengthen your brothers.”

Luk 22:33  And he said to Him, “Master, I am prepared to go with You, both to prison and to death.”

Luk 22:34  And He said, “I say to you, Kĕpha, the cock shall not crow at all today until you have denied three times that you know Me.”

Luk 22:35  And He said to them, “When I sent you without purse and bag and sandals, did you lack any?” And they said, “None at all.”

Luk 22:36  And He said to them, “But now, let him who has a purse take it, likewise also a bag. And let him who has no sword sell his garment and buy one.

Luk 22:37  “For I say to you that what has been written has yet to be accomplished in Me, ‘And He was reckoned with lawless ones.’ For that which refers to Me has an end too.” Isa. 53:12

Luk 22:38  And they said, “Master, look, here are two swords.” But He said to them, “That is enough!”

Acts 13:13-43

Act 13:13  And having put out from Paphos, Sha’ul and those with him came to Perge in Pamphulia. And Yoḥanan, having left them, returned to Yerushalayim.

Act 13:14  But passing through from Perge, they came to Antioch in Pisidia, and went into the congregation on the Sabbath day and sat down.

Act 13:15  And after the reading of the Torah and the Prophets, the rulers of the congregation sent to them, saying, “Men, brothers, if you have any word of encouragement for the people, speak.”

Act 13:16  And Sha’ul, standing up and motioning with his hand said, “Men, Yisra’ĕlites, and those fearing Elohim, listen:

Act 13:17  “The Elohim of this people Yisra’ĕl did choose our fathers, and exalted the people in their sojourning in the land of Mitsrayim, and with a high arm He brought them out of it.

Act 13:18  “Now for a time of about forty years He sustained them in the wilderness.

Act 13:19  “And having destroyed seven nations in the land of Kena‘an, He gave their land to them as an inheritance.

Act 13:20  “And after that He gave judges for about four hundred and fifty years, until Shemu’ĕl the prophet.

Act 13:21  “But then they asked for a sovereign, and Elohim gave them Sha’ul the son of Qish, a man of the tribe of Binyamin, for forty years.

Act 13:22  “And having removed him, He raised up for them Dawiḏ as sovereign, to whom also He gave witness and said, ‘I have found Dawiḏ the son of Yishai, a man after My own heart, who shall do all My desires.’

Act 13:23  “From this one’s seed, according to the promise, Elohim raised up for Yisra’ĕl a Saviour, יהושע,

Act 13:24  after Yoḥanan had first proclaimed the immersion of repentance to all the people of Yisra’ĕl, before His coming.

Act 13:25  “And as Yoḥanan was completing his mission, he said, ‘Who do you suppose I am? I am not He. But see, there comes One after me, the sandals of whose feet I am not worthy to loose.’

Act 13:26  “Men, brothers, sons of the race of Aḇraham, and those among you fearing Elohim, to you the word of this deliverance has been sent,

Act 13:27  for those dwelling in Yerushalayim, and their rulers, because they did not know Him, nor even the voices of the Prophets which are read every Sabbath, have filled them in having judged Him.

Act 13:28  “And having found not one cause for death, they asked Pilate that He should be put to death.

Act 13:29  “And when they had accomplished all that was written concerning Him, taking Him down from the timber, they laid Him in a tomb.

Act 13:30  “But Elohim raised Him from the dead,

Act 13:31  and He was seen for many days by those who came up with Him from Galil to Yerushalayim, who are His witnesses to the people.

Act 13:32  “And we bring you the Good News, the promise made to the fathers,

Act 13:33  that Elohim has filled this for us, their children, having raised up יהושע, as it has also been written in the second Psalm, ‘You are My Son, today I have brought You forth.’ Psa. 2:7

Act 13:34  “And that He raised Him out of the dead, no more to return to corruption, He has said thus, ‘I shall give you the trustworthy kindnesses of Dawi.’          Isa. 55:3

Act 13:35  “For this reason He also says in another Psalm, ‘You shall not give Your Kind One to see corruption.’ Psa. 16:10

Act 13:36  “For Dawiḏ, indeed, having served his own generation by the counsel of Elohim, fell asleep, was buried with his fathers, and saw corruption,

Act 13:37  but He whom Elohim raised up saw no corruption.

Act 13:38  “Let it therefore be known to you, brothers, that through this One forgiveness of sins is proclaimed to you,

Act 13:39  and by Him everyone who believes is declared right from all sins from which you were not able to be declared right by the Torah of Mosheh.

Act 13:40  “Watch then that what was said in the prophets does not come upon you:

Act 13:41  “See, you despisers, marvel and perish, for I work a work in your days, a work which you would in no way believe if someone were to declare it to you.’ ” Hab. 1:5

Act 13:42  And when the Yehuḏim went out of the congregation, the gentiles begged to have these words spoken to them the next Sabbath.

Act 13:43  And when the meeting of the congregation had broken up, many of the Yehuḏim and of the worshipping converts followed Sha’ul and Barnaḇah, who, speaking to them, were urging them to continue in the favour of Elohim.

Romans 3:21-31

Rom 3:21  But now, apart from the Torah, a righteousness of Elohim has been revealed, being witnessed by the Torah and the Prophets,

Rom 3:22  and the righteousness of Elohim is through belief in יהושע Messiah to all and on all who believe. For there is no difference,

Rom 3:23  for all have sinned and fall short of the esteem of Elohim,

Rom 3:24  being declared right, without paying, by His favour through the redemption which is in Messiah יהושע,

Rom 3:25  whom Elohim set forth as an atonement, through belief in His blood, to demonstrate His righteousness, because in His tolerance Elohim had passed over the sins that had taken place before,

Rom 3:26  to demonstrate at the present time His righteousness, that He is righteous and declares righteous the one who has belief in יהושע.

Rom 3:27  Where, then, is the boasting? It is shut out. By what Torah? Of works? No, but by the Torah of belief.

Rom 3:28  For we reckon that a man is declared right by belief without works of Torah.

Rom 3:29  Or is He the Elohim of the Yehuḏim only, and not also of the gentiles? Yea, of the gentiles also,

Rom 3:30  since it is one Elohim who shall declare right the circumcised by belief and the uncircumcised through belief.

Rom 3:31  Do we then nullify the Torah through the belief? Let it not be! On the contrary, we establish the Torah.1 Footnote: 1See 7:12.

1 Timothy 2:1-15

1Ti 2:1  First of all, then, I urge that petitions, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgiving be made for all men,

1Ti 2:2  for sovereigns and all those who are in authority, in order that we lead a calm and peaceable life in all reverence and seriousness.

1Ti 2:3  For this is good and acceptable before Elohim our Saviour,

1Ti 2:4  who desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth.

1Ti 2:5  For there is one Elohim,1 and one Mediator between Elohim and men, the Man Messiah יהושע, Foornote: 11 Cor. 8:6, Eph. 4:6, Mk. 12:29-34.

1Ti 2:6  who gave Himself a ransom for all, to be witnessed in its own seasons,

1Ti 2:7  for which I was appointed a proclaimer and an emissary – I am speaking the truth in Messiah and not lying – a teacher of the gentiles in belief and truth.

1Ti 2:8  So I resolve that the men pray everywhere, lifting up hands that are set-apart, without wrath and disputing.

1Ti 2:9  Likewise, that the women dress themselves becomingly, with decency and sensibleness, not with braided hair or gold or pearls or costly garments,

1Ti 2:10  but with good works,1 which is becoming for women undertaking worship of Elohim. Footnote: 1Mt. 16:27.

1Ti 2:11  Let a woman learn in silence, in all subjection.

1Ti 2:12  But I do not permit a woman to teach or to have authority over a man, rather, to be in silence.

1Ti 2:13  Because Aḏam was formed first, then Ḥawwah.

1Ti 2:14  And Aḏam was not deceived, but the woman, having been deceived, fell into transgression.

1Ti 2:15  But she shall be saved in childbearing if they continue in belief, and love, and set-apartness, with sensibleness.

James 2:14-26

Jas 2:14  My brothers, what use is it for anyone to say he has belief but does not have works? This belief is unable to save him.

Jas 2:15  And if a brother or sister is naked and in need of daily food,

Jas 2:16  but one of you says to them, “Go in peace, be warmed and be filled,” but you do not give them the bodily needs, what use is it?

Jas 2:17  So also belief, if it does not have works, is in itself dead.

Jas 2:18  But someone might say, “You have belief, and I have works.” Show me your belief without your works, and I shall show you my belief by my works.

Jas 2:19  You believe that “Elohim is one”. You do well. The demons also believe – and shudder! Deu. 6:4

Jas 2:20  But do you wish to know, O foolish man, that the belief without the works is dead?

Jas 2:21  Was not Aḇraham our father declared right by works when he offered Yitsḥaq his son on the altar?

Jas 2:22  Do you see that the belief was working with his works, and by the works the belief was perfected?

Jas 2:23  And the Scripture was filled which says, “Araham believed Elohim, and it was reckoned to him for righteousness.” And he was called, “Elohim’s friend.” Gen. 15:6, Isa. 41:8, 2Ch 20:7

Jas 2:24  You see, then, that a man is declared right by works, and not by belief alone.

Jas 2:25  In the same way, was not Raḥaḇ the whore also declared right by works when she received the messengers and sent them out another way?

Jas 2:26  For as the body without the spirit is dead, so also the belief is dead without the works.

Aharonic Blessing

Num 6:22  And יהוה spoke to Mosheh, saying,

Num 6:23  “Speak to Aharon and his sons, saying, ‘This is how you bless the children of Yisra’ĕl. Say to them:

Num 6:24  “יהוה bless you and guard you;

Num 6:25  יהוה make His face shine upon you, and show favour to you;

Num 6:26  יהוה lift up His face upon you, and give you peace.” ’

Num 6:27  “Thus they shall put My Name on the children of Yisra’ĕl, and I Myself shall bless them.”

Num 6:24         יברכך  יהוה  וישׁמרך׃  

Num 6:25         יאר  יהוה  פניו  אליך  ויחנך׃  

Num 6:26         ישׂא  יהוה  פניו  אליך  וישׂם  לך  שׁלום׃